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Thursday, April 26, 2012

Specific General Knowledge

  Gen. U. S. "Unconditional Surrender" Grant
“No terms except an unconditional surrender can be accepted.” (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

"I wish some of you would tell me the brand of whiskey that Grant drinks. I would like to send a barrel of it to my other generals."
 — Statement attributed to Abraham Lincoln in response to complaints about Grant's drinking habits (November 1863); as quoted in Wit and Wisdom of the American Presidents: A Book of Quotations (2000) by Joslyn T. Pine, p. 26

Related source » General Knowledge: 'via Blog this'
[This related source is recommended in its entirety.]  h/t Theo

Mr William Nilly, quiz contestant.”

— Clarke and Dawe, YouTube

General Zhukov reads the German capitulation a...
General Zhukov reads the German capitulation act. Also seen Arthur Tedder, Marshal of the Royal Air Force from: pre-1954 image, unknown author (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

1st Belorussian Front [1BF]:

Capture of Berlin

Along with the 1st Ukrainian Front, 1BF then stormed Berlin in the climatic Battle of Berlin. Marshal Georgy Zhukov was appointed commander of the 1BF, in November 1944, for its last two great offensives of World War II. After the capture of Poland and East Prussia (its capture was finished on 25 April with capture of Pillau) from January–March 1945, the Soviets redeployed their forces during the first two weeks of April. Marshal Georgy Zhukov concentrated 1BF, which had been deployed along the Oder river from Frankfurt in the south to the Baltic, into an area in front of the Seelow Heights. The 2nd Belorussian Front moved into the positions being vacated by the 1BF north of the Seelow Heights. While this redeployment was in progress gaps were left in the lines and the remnants of the German II Army which had been bottled up in a pocket near Danzig managed to escape across the Oder. In the early hours of 16 April the Berlin Offensive Operation started with the objectives of capturing Berlin and linking up with Western Allied forces on the Elbe. The operation started with an assault on the Seelow Heights by 1BF and by Marshal Konev's 1st Ukrainian Front (1UF) to the south. Initially the 1BF had great difficulty smashing through the German lines of defence, but after three days they had broken through and were approaching the outskirts of Berlin. By 22 April 1BF had penetrated the northern and eastern suburbs of Berlin. They finished the encirclement of Berlin on 25 April when units of the 1BF and 1UF met at Kietzen west of Berlin. [Berlin was then completely encircled by eight Russian armies.] After heavy street by street and house to house fighting, General Weidling, the commander of Berlin's garrison, met with Marshal Zhukov and surrendered Berlin unconditionally at 15:00 hours local time on 2 May.

I note with interest that two of the most famous military commanders, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Marshal Georgy Zhukov, in two of the major wars of modern times, demanded and received unconditional surrender from their enemy forces four score and three years apart.

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